Movimentos negros, educação e ações afirmativas




In this thesis, the author discusses why renowned social scientists on Brazilian racial relations studies and research almost all of them white, according to the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) classification , are against the implementation of the system of quotas for black students at the entrance examination for the Brazilian public universities. To answer this question, the author supports the hypothesis that the quota policy for black students in Brazilian‟s state and federal universities goes beyond its immediate purpose: to promote the inclusion of black people in public higher education. It has a transforming potential which exceeds its manifest function as it demonstrates to the Brazilian society that it is possible to redistribute quality public policies and to question the Brazilian racial ideology. Moreover, it allows the longing for changes in the composition of the Brazilian leading elites. However, the process of verification of this hypothesis incited two new problems. The first one would be: what has been the role of the Black Social Movements in the process of implementation of affirmative actions? To answer such a question, the author investigates if there was a significant demand for education in these organizations‟ struggles. In other words, it is assumed that there is a long agenda for public education in the history of the Black Social Movements and the struggle for this policy forms the basis of the present demands of affirmative actions for the admission of black students in Brazilian public universities. The second question could be stated as follows: how or why was it possible to approve the quota system for black students in the entrance examination for the University of Brasília in such an adverse and hostile conjuncture for this type of policy? The answer to this question is linked to the answer to the former question on the role of the Black Social Movements in the process of implementation of the quota system. Briefly, this thesis investigates what underlies the dispute in Brazilian society concerning the implementation of the quota affirmative action policy for the admission of black students in public universities. Consequently, it also discusses the struggle undertaken by the Brazilian Black Social Movements for high quality public education in every level, from primary school to higher education.


educação sistema de cotas higher education ensino superior black movements movimentos negros quota system sociologia education affirmative actions ação afirmativa

Documentos Relacionados