A mobile robot autonomous navigation integrated system / Um sistema integrado para navegação autônoma de robôs móveis




Environment mapping has been a great challenge for many researchers in the autonomous navigation area. There are two important paradigms for mapping, metric and topological mapping. Several mapping methods that combine the advantages of each paradigm have been proposed. This project consists to the adaptation and extension of a mobile robots autonomous navigation integrated system by improving the interface and incorporation of a topological mapping technique. For this, the technique known as Occupation Grid for metric mapping is combined with an image skeletonization method used for topological mapping. This work also aims to propose a set of morphology transformations to generation of topological maps suitable for real environments, seeking to reduce influence of noise in performed mapping. The topological map generated through this combination presents several unnecessary topological lines, due noise inherent to the own robot ability of capturing sensor signals, hindering consequently the task of autonomous navigation. Several experiments have been performed to verify the efficiency of the proposed approach. The results obtained demonstrate that image skeletonization technique combined with the metric mapping is a simple and feasible method for obtaining the topological lines corresponding to free space of the environment. The application of the morphology transformations demonstrated to be a useful method to the creation of topological maps considerably less noise, since it eliminates most of the topological lines generated in consequence of noise in the sensors


robôs móveis topological mapping image skeletonization method mobile robots mapeamento topológico filtros morfológicos matemáticos mathematical morphology filters método de esqueletização de imagens

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