Arquitetura híbrida inteligente para navegação autônoma de robôs / Intelligent hybrid architecture for robot autonomous navigation




This project consists in a autonomous navigation system based on modular neuro-fuzzy networks that is able to guide the robot in unknown environments from a initial point to the goal. Initially, the system is not able to navigate, but after a trial and error period and some collisions, it improves in guiding the robot to the goal efficiently. A intelligent hybrid architecture is presented for this naviga tion system based on artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic. This architecture is hierarquical and consists in two modules that generate innate behaviors, like obstacles avoiding and target reaching. A reinforcement learning mecanism, based on the extended Hebb law, balances this conflicting innate behaviors adjusting the neural network synaptic weights as obstacle and collision avoidance and target reaching takes place. In this project, the approach is consolidated in simulation and validated in real environments. To this end, this system has been implemented by using Saphira simulator and Pioneer I simulation environment. This simulated evironment is a previous stage of tests performed real time and presents simulated robot behaviors similar to real mobile robot behaviors. The hybrid architecture was modified to adapt the simulated navigation system into Pioneer I software. Experiments in a real environments show the efficiency and learning capabilities of the navigation system, validating the intelligent hybrid architecture for mobile robots applications


fuzzy systems neuro-fuzzy networks robótica aprendizagem por reforço reinforcement learning robot autonomous navigation robotics redes neuro-fuzzy sistemas fuzzy navegação autônoma de robôs

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