Use of solutions hidrotrópicas in delignification of sugarcane cane bagasse / Uso de soluções hidrotrópicas na deslignificação do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar




The production of sugar, energy and ethanol from sugar cane is one of the most important activities of Brazil and generates a enormous quantity of bagasse which can be used to increase the ethanol production. In this sense, the study of sugarcane bagasse is a very important task, in both technical and scientific approaches. Thus, the pre-treatment of sugar cane bagasse by using pulping/delignification processes constitutes a important step to recovery the main macromolecular components of the vegetal tissues of this raw material. In the present work it was studied the utilization of hydrotropic agents to promote the delignification of sugarcane bagasse. The study was carried out by using two different hydrotropes: sodium benzoate and sodium xylenosulfonate. As standard for comparison, it was also studied the pulping of sugarcane bagasse by using only water and ethanol/water and sodium hydroxide solutions. The pulping processes were carried out from factorial planning experiments employing two different levels (and a central point) for reaction time and temperature. As response it was determined the correspondents pulping yield and residual lignin contents. The results indicated that sodium xylenosulfonate was more effective than benzoate sodium in the promotion of the delignification. However, the utilization of hydrotropic systems were less efficient to promote the delignification, when compared with ethanol/water or sodium hydroxide aqueous solution. The lignins extracted in the pulping with sodium benzoate presented lower molar masses when compared with the use of sodium xylenesulfonate. The analysis of the pulps showed that the higher temperatures and reaction times produced pulps with higher crystallinity.


bagaço de cana-de-açúcar hidrótopo polpação hidrótopo bagasse cane sugar pulping

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