Selection of fungi able to hydrolyze bagasse sugar cane pre-treated / Seleção de fungos capazes de hidrolisar bagaço de cana-de-açúcar pré-tratado




The bagasse from sugar cane, a waste generated during the production of sugar, is composed primarily of cellulose (41 - 44%), hemicellulose (25 - 27%) and lignin (20 - 22%), about two thirds of energy in existing sugar cane is contained in the bagasse and straw. Several processes using bagasse surplus, but mainly for energy production. However, due to the large amount of bagasse and straw still left in these materials can be used as a source of cellulose to obtain ethanol. Thus, it is necessary to hydrolysis of bagasse and straw in order to obtain a hydrolyzate that can be fermented by yeast industry. Hydrolysis of bagasse can occur for a steam explosion, hydrolysis with acid or alkali chemical or enzymatic hydrolysis and other processes, the hydrolysis may generate chemical compounds that are inhibitors of the fermentation process while the enzymatic hydrolysis process is very costly as there is in Brazil the production of enzymes for this purpose. Furthermore, if the hydrolysis is carried out only with the fungus itself, the process can be slow. In this context, this work aimed to use crushed sugar cane, pre-treated by steam explosion and pre-treated with acid as a substrate to select fungi able to hydrolyze the bagasse potentially fermentable sugars for the yeast industry. Experiments were carried out in a preliminary step to select among six strains of fungi as suitable for production of reducing sugars. And, 2² factorial experiments to optimize the conditions of hydrolysis for selected fungi in the previous step. The fungi Trichoderma reesei and Phanerochaete chrysosporium were selected to hydrolyze milled bagasse pre-treated by acid in five days of incubation. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) allowed generate validated models and response surfaces for the release of reducing sugars and hexose hydrolysis by the selected fungi. The areas of response indicated bands optimum temperature and concentration of acid (32.19°C/1.09%) for release of reducing sugars by T. reesei, and (32.6°C/1.06%) for P. chrysosporium.


enzyme bagaços fungus. sugar cane hidrólise. hydrolysis cana-de-açúcar fungos - seleção bagasse ethanol acid

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