rhBMP-2 Modulation of Gene Expression in Infected Segmental Bone Defects
Brick, Katherine E.
The osteoinductive capability of BMPs appears diminished in the setting of acute infection. We applied rhBMP-2 to a segmental defect in a rat femur and measured the expression of key bone formation genes in the presence of acute infection. Types I and II collagen, osteocalcin, and BMP Type II receptor mRNA expression were characterized in 72 Sprague-Dawley rats, which received either bovine collagen carrier with 200 μg rhBMP-2 plus Staphylococcus aureus, carrier with bacteria only, carrier with rhBMP-2 only, or carrier alone. Six animals from each group were euthanized at 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Total RNA was isolated and extracted, and mRNA was determined by real-time comparative quantitative PCR. Infected defects had little expression of collagen I and II and osteocalcin mRNAs, while BMP receptor II expression with infection was greater than carrier-only controls at Weeks 2 and 4. Notably, all four genes were upregulated in infected defects in the presence of rhBMP-2. Thus, in a clinical setting with a high risk of infection and nonunion, such as a compound fracture with bone loss, rhBMP-2 may increase the rate and extent of bone formation. Even if infection does occur, rhBMP-2 may allow a quicker overall recovery time.
ACESSO AO ARTIGOhttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2772904
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