RESSIGNIFICANDO A ANSIEDADE NA APRENDIZAGEM E USO DE LÍNGUAS ESTRANGEIRAS ATRAVÉS DAS CRENÇAS: UM ESTUDO EXPLORATÓRIO / REFRAMING FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANXIETY THROUGH BELIEFS: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY
FERNANDA VIEIRA DA ROCHA SILVEIRA
IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The objective of this thesis is to present and discuss the reframing of foreign language anxiety which was observed to happen during a reflective journey developed throughout twelve exploratory sessions that were held between April and September in 2010. During the meetings, in which Lea, Mila and I participated, we sought to (re)construct our understandings of the puzzles that involved the participants¿ anxiety in situations of learning and using the foreign languages. We became aware of the participants¿ current beliefs in order to relate them to the anxiety construct. Taking Exploratory Practice (ALLWRIGHT, 1991, 2009) as the philosophical basis, the theoretical architecture of the research illustrates its multifaceted feature, as it is based on the studies regarding anxiety, presenting its neural bases (DAMASIO, 2004; LEDOUX, 2004; BISHOP, 2007), as well as its social bias related to foreign language learning and use (BROWN, 1973; KLEINMANN, 1977; GUIORA, 1983; HORWITZ et al. 1986; EHRMAN, 1996; MACINTYRE, 1999; YOUNG, 1999; GREGERSEN, 2003, 2005; KONDO e YING-LING, 2004; MILLS ET AL. 2006; HORWITZ, 2008, MARK, 2011) The study is also based on the studies of emotions (LUPTON, 1994; DAMASIO, 2004), beliefs (BARCELOS, 1995, 2000, 2003, 2007, 2010), of identity construction (BUCHOLTZ e HALL, 2005) referring to foreign language learning and use, and of Appraisal Theory (MARTIN 2001, 2006; MARTIN e WHITE, 2005) as the analytical tool for the evaluations which have emerged during the reflective process. Fragments from the twelve exploratory sessions, as well as messages written by the focal participant, Mila, have been selected as reflective instances of perceived anxiety experienced in relation to foreign language learning and use. The micro-discursive analysis of the fragments have focused on the evaluative lexicon that relates to the subsystems of AFFECT, APPRECIATION, and JUDGEMENT, permeated by GRADUATION, all located on a continuum of positive and negative polarities. The discursive configuration of the exploratory sessions has emerged from the discussions of our beliefs, moments of identity (re)construction, among other issues, while we sought to make sense of our practices. The movement of reflecting and questioning these beliefs has contributed to the development of understandings and reframing the anxiety as perceived by the focal participant.
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