Resposta de genótipos de citros à leprose e variabilidade genética da ORF p29 do vírus da leprose dos citros C (CiLV-C) / Response of citrus genotypes to leprosis and genetic variability of ORF p29 from Citrus leprosis virus C (CiLV-C)


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




Viruses have, potentially, broad genetic variability because of their need to adapt to several changes that they are exposed to. Therefore, genetic variability is essential for their survival; it is the first step to adapt to a new host, to break resistance down, to change symptoms and virulence, which justifies the interest in studies in this area. These studies consist in a great tool for a better understanding on the virus evolution and the search for a proper management of viral diseases. Hence, it was aimed to study the genetic variability of ORF p29 from CiLV-C in order to generate relevant information about the pathosystem and the predominance of isolates with possible implications on the epidemiology of the disease and its management in the field, besides a better understanding on the evolution of this virus, which has never been explored before. In this work, we evaluated citrus plants and potential hosts for CiLV-C. The results suggest that the plants of Cravo, Tardia da Sicília, Cleopatra, and Vermelha mandarin, Ortanique tangor, Sour orange and spiderwort are susceptible to the disease and can also serve as sources of inoculum of the virus to citrus. Siciliano lemon, Rangpur, Tahiti, and Mexican limes, and Mimosa caesalpiniaefolia were resistant to the disease, but not to the colonization of the mite vector. Malvaviscus arboreus and Solanum violaefolium plants did not present symptoms, but can be considered possible sources of CiLV-C inoculum to citrus plants. In addition, we evaluated the response of 62 mandarin genotypes and their hybrids to the disease. Fifteen of them were considered resistant and could be used in breeding programs with the objective to reduce the use of pesticides to control the vector. Low genetic variability was found amongst CiLV-C isolates, regardless of the host or geographic region; however, the São José do Rio Preto isolate was the most divergent and the changes in nucleotides were transmitted to the other hosts. Further studies should be conducted before unquestionable conclusions can be drawn from this issue, but the results obtained here have opened a new range of possibilities for future studies in this area so far almost unexplored.


genetic mutation mites mutação genética plant viruses vetores de doenças de plantas vírus de plantas leprose leprosis genetic variation in plants Ácaros citricultura citrus industry variação genética em plantas vectors of plant viruses

Documentos Relacionados