Qualidade de vida dos enfermeiros das equipes de Saúde da Família / Quality of life of nurses in family health teams




The nurse stands in the movement of the rearrangement of the model of health care for the significant responsibility in the various actions undertaken in the community and health staff, directly influencing the process of implementing the Family Health Strategy (ESF) and its results. It is important to know the factors associated with Quality of Life (QoL) of these professionals who can generate commitment of job responsabilities. This study aimed to describe the profile and QoL of nurses that make up the family health teams, identifying associated factors. This is a crosssectional study made with 90 nurses from the ESF of the 27 municipalities of South Triangle Health Macroregion, between May and July of 2007. The participants completed an instrument containing socio-demographic and professionals variables and other to evaluate QoL called WHOQOL-100. The nurses surveyed were mostly young adults with a mean age of 28.6 years, females (92,2%), single (57,8%), specialists (60%) performed update (62,2%) and claimed good health (92,2%). They had a single employment contract (64,8%) with contracting for a specified time (62,9%), with a schedule of eight hours (92,1%), income between four and eight minimum wages (83,3%) and reported job satisfaction (61,8%). The WHOQOL-100 showed the highest averages for the areas Independence (17,0), Spirituality (16,8) and Social Relations (16,2), and lower means for the Psychological domain (15,4), Environment (14,2) and Physical (14,1). The general QoL was obtained a mean score of 16.7 reflecting satisfaction with QoL. The results indicate that the married/cohabitating showed higher QoL scores than the unmarried in the Psychological (p=0,013), Independence (p=0,021), Social Relations (p=0,000) and Environment (p=0,022). Individuals who reported having weak health had lower scores in relation to improved health in the Physical (p=0,000), Psychological (p=0,002) and Independence (p=0,000). The contract for an indefinite period or who had commissioned post had worse scores compared to those gazetted in Spirituality (p=0,017). Professionals with eight hours of work had higher scores compared to those who work twelve in the Psychological (p=0,012) and Independence (p=0,022). The group dissatisfied with the work had lower scores compared to those who declared content in the Physical (p=0,008), Psychological (p=0,000), Independence (p=0,015), Social Relations (p=0,000) and Environment (p=0,000). There were no significant differences between the scores of QoL domains compared between genders, ages, education levels, number of employment contracts, and salary ranges. The results showed that even though the workers had submitted satisfactory QOL observed that fellow does not have (a), have poor health, be hired for an indefinite period or have over commissioned work more than eight hours and being dissatisfied with the job losses bring to QOL, affecting most areas. Meet the QOL of nurses to identify their associated factors provides parameters for the implementation of changes in living conditions and practice of health work bridging the gap between personal expectations and the reality of work of professionals in addition to supporting the (re)definition of specific public policies to these professionals in performing their duties. Actions that contribute in the development of QOL of nurses are important considering its strong influence on the quality of care.


enfermagem de saude publica health manpower family health enfermagem nursing qualidade de vida occupational health saúde do trabalhador quality of life recursos humanos em saúde estratégia saúde da família

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