Nitrogenous nutrition in conventional and transgenic soybean under application of herbicide glyphosate / Nutrição nitrogenada (15N) em soja convencional e transgênica sob aplicação do herbicida glifosato




Glyphosate is the most used herbicide throughout the world in post-emergent applications of weed species, before sowing or emergence of the cultures. Many works have been performed to understand the way of action of this herbicide, but few with the purpose to study its effect on the microbial populations of the soil, as the Bradyrhizobium japonicum population and the consequent action of the product on Biological Nitrogen Fixation rates (BNF). Little emphasis also has been given to the effect of this product on the macronutrients accumulation in soybean varieties. Thus, the present work aimed to study the action of the ghyphosate on the nitrogenous nutrition in conventional and tolerant soybean, though the nutrients accumulation, nodulation and BNF rates. Two contrast varieties of soybean were tested, one sensitive (BRS Conquista) and one tolerant (BRS Valiosa), in six different doses o the herbicide (0, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32müM L-1) in nutritional solution and foliar application. The plants were collected in the R3 soybean developmental stage (full bloom) and R8, after grains filing and the following parameters were analyzed: dry mass production, photosynthesis and transpiration rates, accumulation of nutrients, nodulation, nitrogenase activity and BNF rates. It was observed that the variety Conquista was severely affected in all the parameters studied, excepted for photosynthesis and transpiration rates. It was also observed that in the Valiosa variety the dry mass production, photosynthesis and transpiration rates were not affected; the Cu and Zn accumulation was reduced with the application of higher doses of the product in solution, however, the other nutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, B, Fe, Mn) did not show any difference in accumulation. There was a reduction in the nitrogenase activity in the 32müM L-1 treatment, however the BNF rates were not affected in the Valiosa variety. It was concluded that the herbicide ghyphosate had a negative effect in the variety Conquista, but it had little action on the parameters analyzed for the variety Valiosa


nutrients accumulation acúmulo de nutrientes enzima nitrogenase fbn glycine max nitrogenase bnf glycine max

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