Evolución de los modelos metodológicos y su relación con la política educativa en España


Educ. Pesqui.




Based on an investigation about the institutional aspects of the process of social change associated with the democratic transition in Spain, and of the motivational contexts of the participation of teachers in the current educational process, the present article seeks to outline, from the point of view of sociology, the historical path of the educational system in Spain since the beginnings of public school, in order to understand the evolution of the cultural, ideological, methodological and curriculum models, as well as its relation to the changes in educational policies. The work focuses on pointing out that, behind economic issues that imply cuts in education, lies hidden an ideological model interested or not in endowing the population with a higher or lower cultural level. Our intention here is to unveil the relation between culture, education and methodology employed as a function of the political demands, and to understand the kind of norms put in place to produce values and to obtain conducts adequate to the political interests in each one of the historical contexts that have succeeded each other in the evolution of public school in Spain. It was possible to discern that in Spain there has never been a single moment in the history of public school in which the politicians, and in many occasions the Church itself, were not in charge of designing the contents, curricula and methodology that gave shape to the educational policies.

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