Efeito do gene CP4 EPSPS na produtividade de óleo em populações de soja / Effect of CP4 EPSPS gene on the oil yield of soybean populations


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




During the past few years, with the increase of the biodiesel international price and rising demand, there has been a larger interest in increasing the oil content of soybean cultivars. It is known that the high oil production is a function of yield. However, there are many factors that prevent cultivars from expressing their full yield potential, for example, competition with weeds. In this sense, plant breeding has focused on developing herbicide tolerant cultivars and has discussed the advantages that these cultivars can bring to field management of weeds. The objectives of this study were i) To evaluate the effect of the CP4 EPSPS gene on oil yield (OY) in transgenic soybean populations; ii) Estimate useful genetic parameters for breeding programs; iii) Evaluate oil yield in transgenic progenies with conventional and transgenic soybean management; iv) Predict the most promising crosses for extraction of superior lines. This study was developed at the Sector of Applied Genetics to Self-Pollinated Species of the Department of Genetics at the Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, located in Piracicaba, SP, Brazil. The genetic material was developed from the cross between four elite cultivars: two conventional (BRS-133 and Conquista) and two essentially derived from the conventional cultivars (BRS-245 RR and Valiosa RR) and five high oil lines (USP 70.108, USP 70.113, USP 70.010, USP 70.042 and USP 70.007), forming a 4 x 5 partial diallel, without reciprocals. In the 2007/08 growing seanson, the F2 plants were evaluated in the thinned single hill descent method and in 2008/09 the F2:3 progenies were selected and evaluated in30 experiments in randomized completeblock designs with four replications: (i) Ten experiments composed of 30 transgenic progenies with the application of glyphosate; (ii) 20 experiments composed of 30 conventional progenies and the same 30 transgenic progenies with the application of conventional herbicides for soybean. The results were: a) The CP4 EPSPS transgene did not affect the productivity of oil and not the other three traits in the F2 generation, but in F2:3 it has affected some individuals characters and also crosses all seven characters in the pooled analysis of crosses b) There was variation in the F2 generation for general combining ability of parents and also for specific combining ability of crosses, most progeny of crosses led to promising oil yield, but few cross progenies showed higher content in oil c) The three types of diallel analysis carried out to parents in the F2 generation GM, conventional and combined were generally consistent, except for the character number of days to maturity from the diallel analysis formed only by the parents transgenic d) In general, performance of the progeny F2: 3 was superior in handling transgenic glyphosate for most.


breeding gene rr glycine max herbicidas herdabilidade melhoramento genético vegetal Óleo de soja plantas transgênicas. tolerance-glyphosate

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