Educação, autoridade e violência na escola: entendendo relações no diálogo com educadores
Jaqueline Tavares de Assis
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
With the increase in violence in schools and the need to detect the reasons of this phenomenon, it is imperative to prepare the school staff to deal with situations involving the breaking of rules, disrespect and other forms of transgression, especially among High School students. In view of this scenario, in which the school faces the difficulties of working with these events, and recognizing the increased interpersonal aggression, this study aimed to develop a reflection on the obstacles that are part of the daily work of educators in educational practice with adolescents and the possible relation between these and the violence in school. Thus, this study proposed the identification of the complaints expressed by educators in working with adolescent students and the study of experiences regarding school violence, seeking to confront the context of professional educators and provide a space for listening and reflection of the problems of everyday life. The study was conducted from the proposal of action research, through focus groups, developed in a course for continual education of teachers that had six participants and was entitled Daily Difficulties / Barriers of Teaching Adolescents. During the eight weeks of the course the group discussed subjects with the proposal to explore the difficulties faced by educators working with adolescents, highlighting the challenges and possibilities of this relationship. The data were systematized from the activities developed at the course and individual interviews, conducted after the end of the course. To analyze the information from the study, qualitative techniques were used, including: analysis of categorization and interpretation of written records, observations of the group and recordings of the interviews. The results showed how the obstacles that arise in the education process with adolescents are perceived, by evidencing the complaints about this process and specifying the problem of school violence, through the sensitive hearing of the daily problems of educators. From the interviews, it was possible to obtain information on the relationship of teachers with work, education, rules and laws established by school, students and their families and school violence. On this basis, it was established a parallel between the lack of epistemic authority at school, which imposes rules of collective living, and the expressions of violence in the school.