Chlorine and Fluorine Determination in Eye-Pencil: Development of an Eco-Friendly Sample Preparation Method for Ion Chromatography Analysis


J. Braz. Chem. Soc.




In this paper, a feasible method was proposed for the chlorine and fluorine determination in eye-pencil samples using ion chromatography (IC). The microwave-induced combustion (MIC) was used to digest up to 200 mg of a sample, with 50 mg of microcrystalline cellulose as a combustion aid and only water for analytes absorption. Cl and F recoveries were 105 ± 1 and 93 ± 5%, respectively, when standard solutions were used in the recovery tests. Certified reference materials (CRM) were also digested mixed to the sample, and no significant difference between the obtained results and the certified values was observed. Precision was assessed in terms of repeatability and intermediate precision, with relative standard deviations (RSD) lower than 9%. Limits of detection (LOD) for Cl and F were 37 and 4 mg kg-1, respectively. Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UEA) was also evaluated; however, the results were not satisfactory. The proposed method was suitable for Cl and F determination in eye-pencil because it proved to be accurate, precise and safe, and also minimized waste generation and had high throughput.

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