Young people participation in cultural groups and mobility in the urban space in São Paulo. / Participação de jovens em grupos culturais e mobilidade no espaço urbano de São Paulo
Lilianne Sousa Magalhães
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
This is a qualitative research about the trajectories and about the urban sociability of some young people belonging to cultural groups in São Paulo, Brazil. The main goal of this study was to reveal the existing relation between cultural groups and the urban experience of suburban young people. For that purpose, it was necessary to know about their daily experiences: where they go, their routes, how they experience the city and the ways they appropriate the urban space, the same space where they build their circuits. The problem is: Can cultural groups influence the way young people appropriate the urban space? This research is justified due to the little concern about understanding the young people and their relation with the city, which is usually considered only as scenery for cultural practices. The young people studied in this research were found in a cultural group called Cooperifa (Suburban Cultural Cooperative) and the procedures adopted to deal with the proposed problem were: direct observation, questionnaire, interview and an activity called cartography of the young peoples sociability, which consists in the making of maps to represent the trajectories of the studied young people. The study used ideas and terms such as territory, space segregation, social stigma, appropriation, urban experience and representation. A description of Cooperifa was made. The ritual of sarau (a cultural event where people get together to express themselves in an artistic way), was also described. The participating people ,as well as their groups, were characterized and profiled according to the following types: members of Cooperifa, members of multi-space groups, multiparticipating young people and members of local groups. The analysis of data obtained in the field showed how these people use the citys public property such as schools, public parks, courts etc, and the influence of the cultural groups on how they use the mentioned places, shedding light over the neighborhood, the suburbs and its territories. The young peoples spare time, their deeds, their trajectories and meeting places were also studied, as well as the influence of their family, school and work. Another factor approached by this study was the young peoples daily routine before and after they joined any group, the widening of their relations with the city and the creation of spaces brought by the cultural groups. The study points out some factors that contribute to keeping young people from moving around freely. The young peoples ways of mobility in cultural groups and their intention were discussed. It was analyzed the meanings attributed to Cooperifa. It was concluded that cultural groups contribute to the widening of those young peoples urban experience. However, it was also noticed the existence of ways of appropriation according to the kind of group the young person belongs to, therefore it is a mobility that presents peculiarities.
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