Variabilidade subinercial das correntes na plataforma continental ao largo de Cabo Frio (RJ): observações / Subtidal variability of the currents on the continental shelf off Cabo Frio (RJ): observations
Luis Felipe Silva Santos
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
This work was developed within the context of the continental shelf hydrodynamics, with the aim of studying the subtidal variability of the currents in the far north of the South Brazil Bight (SBB). The area of the study is located in the vicinity of Cabo Frio (RJ) and Arraial do Cabo (RJ) (approximately 23º S / 42º W). Despite being a well known and studied region, due to the coastal upwelling phenomenon that occurs in its vicinity, little is known about the subtidal variability in this location. Given the importance of the subtidal currents, that are responsible for the transport of substances dissolved or suspended in water, such as sediments, nutrients and pollution, this work tries to contribute to a better understanding of these current~ fields, by the analysis in the time and frequency domain, from time series of the currents and local wind intensity and direction. We used data collected in DEPROAS Project (Western South Atlantict Platform Ecosystem Dynamics) from current meters and an ADCP moored in front of Cabo Frio, on the isobaths of 50, 100 and 200 m, and from a buoy and a weather station. We worked with time series of 2001 winter and 2003 winter and summer. From this study it was found that the subtidal variability dominates the flow in the region, mainly in the parallel direction of the bathymetry. As in the rest of the SBB, there was a geostrophic balance in the normal direction of the topography, which accounts for a flow parallel to isobaths, particularly in the middle shelf and in intermediate depths of the remote boundary layer. It was observed that the coastal current forced by baroclinic processes and by the wind, typical of the central part of the SBB reaches the northern edge of the SBB, leading to a more frequent flow in the southeast direction, in the intermediate layers and the bottom, especially in the winter. It was also found that the local winds have low correlation with the currents, except on the superficial layers, indicating the importance of remote forcing in the dynamics of the region, coupled with the influence of cyclonic vortical activity in the region, generated by the Brazil Current, reaching the middle shelf. Upwelling and downwelling evidences were observed in all time series, with the preferential location occurring west of Cabo Frio.
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