Valoração ambiental do Parque Estadual do Itacolomi, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais




Analysis of Economics Valuation of Itacolomi State Park, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Much has been spoken regarding the importance of forests for the relevance of environmental functions which are essential to the life and welfare of the people. The conservation units are portions of the national territory with natural characteristics of relevant value, legally established by governmental agencies to which they apply guarantees of protection. The State Park is one of the components of integral protection units which has the purpose to preserve natural ecosystems of relevant ecology and scenic importance, allowing the scientific research and the development of educational and environmental interpretation, natural recreation and ecological tourism. The State Park of Itacolomi (PEIT) is located in the municipalities of Ouro Preto and Mariana - MG. It holds approximately 11% of the entire biodiversity known to Minas Gerais, representing more than a thousand species of wild fauna and flora protected within the limits of the park, 29 species threatened with extinction and 18 endemic. Natural resources provided by the PEIT enable various socio-economic benefits. However, the worsening of human interventions not only in the area of coverage of the PEIT, but in their surroundings, can lead to the impairment of natural resources. In this context it is necessary to apply methods of environmental preservation noticing that the Environmental Evaluation is one of those tools that can justify its application as indicative for environmental preservation. This study aimed to estimate the environmental value of PEIT by applying the contingent valuation method (DaP). The results show high environmental value associated with all ecological attributes: fauna, flora and abiotic factors. The economic value attributed to environmental goods and services was estimated at R$ 2 billion. This figure reflects the importance that essential functions in Environmental exert on the daily spot and its surroundings.


engenharia sanitária teses.

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