Using static, kinetic and metal mobility procedures to evaluate possibilities of coal waste land disposal at Moatize Mine, Mozambique


REM, Int. Eng. J.




Abstract Coal mine waste rocks produced during mining and beneficiation can affect the environment due to land degradation and acid mine drainage generation. However, proper characterization and treatment of mineral processing wastes creates options for safe disposal, enhancing the environmental performance. The aim of this study was to use static and kinetic tests to assess properties of coal waste produced at the Moatize Mine in Mozambique, one of the largest "world-class" coal deposits. The study included sampling and characterization of coarse and fine wastes generated during coal beneficiation. Both materials were analyzed in terms of granular properties, static procedures - immediate composition, sulfur forms, mineralogical composition, elemental composition, acid-base balance - and kinetic behavior in humidity cell tests. The conjugation of these techniques indicates that these wastes have a low water acidification potential and low geochemical mobility of toxic elements. Therefore, it was concluded that fine and coarse wastes could be used in land shaping procedures.

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