Um estudo sobre a concepção de eudaimonia na Ética Nicomaquéia / Aristotle`s conception of eudaimonia in Nicomachean
Renata Christina Ceroni Silvestrini
IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
In I.7.1098b16-18 Aristotle states that eudaimonia is the "activity of soul in accordance with excellence (and, if there is more excellences than one, in accordance with the best and most complete". However this statement is vague and raises more questions than it clarifies. What virtue was Aristotle talking about? What would he like to refer to by saying "the best and most complete one"? Would he be committed to some specific thesis about eudaimonia in I.7 yet? In Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle trying to establish what would be the highest good for man he just make it unclear whether he identifies it as a specific isolated good or as an organized set of constitutive goods. In a more contemporary version of the issue introduced by W.F.R Hardie in "The Final Good in Aristotle s Ethics", exist two possibilities. Would he be defending an inclusive thesis, in which eudaimonia would be a non-countable good with other goods which it somehow includes, concatenates and organizes (the goods for the soul, for the body and any other external thing understood as good) into a harmonious whole, as it seems to indicate Book I and more clearly a significant part of the remaining books of the Nicomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics? Or would he be defending a dominant thesis in which eudaimonia would be strictly identified with the theoretical wisdom, as the Book X and some passages from other books of Nicomachean Ethics seem to indicate? Faced with these issues, the objective in our Master Degree Research was to study what conception of eudaimonia Aristotle would be defending in Nicomachean Ethics focusing on a careful and detailed argumentative and conceptual analysis of the Aristotle s text. Book I has deserved a special attention mainly to the arguments presented in Chapter 7 and to the description of the types of life and types of good things related to them found in Chapters 5 and 8, and Book X, chapters 6, 7 and 8, in which Aristotle states that eudaimonia is in accordance with the virtue which represents the highest good in us, the theoretical wisdom. We have also studied the texts listed in the secondary bibliography aiming to help map the problem and better understand how it is being addressed by the commentators. Finally, we present an interpretative possibility of the conception of eudaimonia that we believe Aristotle is defending in the Nicomachean Ethics highlighting the fundamental role played by characteristics that he presents in the first part of I.7 ("complete with no more", "self-sufficient" and "not countable with others") and by types of goods (goods of the soul, goods of the body and external goods) in its achievements, which we believe is fundamental to have a full comprehension for the consequent understanding of what conception of eudaimonia Aristotle would be defending.