TRACTION CONTROL TO MOBILE ROBOTIC SYSTEMS IN ROUGH TERRAIN / MODELAGEM DE SISTEMAS ROBÓTICOS MÓVEIS PARA CONTROLE DE TRAÇÃO EM TERRENOS ACIDENTADOS
ALEXANDRE FRANCISCO BARRAL SILVA
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
Abstract Silva, Alexandre F. Barral Silva; Meggiolaro, Marco Antonio. Traction Control to Mobile Robotic Systems in Rough Terrain. Rio de Janeiro, 2004. 194 p. MSc. Thesis - Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro. In rough terrain it is critical for mobile robots to maintain adequate wheel traction, because excessive sliding could cause the robot to roll over or deviate from its intended path. Also, if an excessive force is applied onto the terrain, the soil may fail and trap the robot wheels. To avoid these problems, and also minimize the power consumption on even terrain, the present work develops a rough terrain traction control to be applied to the Hybrid Environmental Robot (HER) from Petrobras. The HER is an amphibious mobile robot developed by the Robotics Laboratory from CENPES (Petrobras). It can be commanded by an operator or autonomously. This robot is part of the Cognitus Project, technological branch of the Piatam project (Potential Impacts and Environmental Risks of the Oil and Gas Industry in the Amazon). It will be used for monitoring and environmental data collecting along two gas pipelines in the Amazon region, the Urucu (AM) - Porto Velho (RO) and the Coari (AM) - Manaus (AM). The developed traction control of robotic vehicles in rough terrain aims to control the speed at the same time that it guarantees dynamic stability, no slip of the wheels, prevents motor saturation, and under certain conditions it may also allow for the minimization of the required power. This control needs the knowledge of the current state of the robot, including the contact angles between its wheels and the terrain. Two independent 2D models have been proposed, one including the suspension compliance and one considering the robotic vehicle as a rigid body. Simulations have been performed in even and rough terrains, proving the effectiveness of the proposed control techniques.
- TIP OVER AND SLIPPAGE CONTROL OF MOBILE ROBOTIC SYSTEMS OVER ROUGH TERRAIN
- THREE-DIMENSIONAL SIMULATION IN REAL TIME OF MOBILE ROBOTICS ON ROUGH TERRAIN
- A rough terrain traction control technique for all-wheel-drive mobile robots
- CONTROLE DE POTÊNCIA EM SISTEMAS DE COMUNICAÇÕES MÓVEIS CELULARES
- Modelagem e controle de uma classe de sistemas multi-corpos móveis.