Thermodynamic modeling of aqueous two phase systems containing salts and polymers. / Modelagem termodinâmica de sistemas aquosos bifásicos contendo sais e polímeros.




The thermodynamic modeling of phase equilibrium in aqueous two phase systems containing the neutral polymer poly(ethylene glycol) and a salt was studied in this work. The implemented model is based on the Pitzer equation for electrolytes solutions, modified in order to account for the influence of polymer properties in both the medium dielectric constant and the medium density, values which are present in long range term of the excess Gibbs energy. The dependence of the adjustable parameters on the polymer molecule size was also investigated. Experimental data from literature were used to obtain the adjustable parameters of the model, in whose implementation the FORTRAN computer language was used. The changes introduced into the long range term resulted in a shift of the calculated equilibrium compositions, which could be observed by analyzing the deviation between calculated and experimental compositions and tie-line slopes. For some systems the performance of the modified model was superior, but in most cases the changes introduced did not result in a significant improvement in phase equilibrium calculations, and even worsened them. Specific investigations on the long range term were carried out to verify the reason for such behavior. The insertion of ternary parameters increased the correlation capacity of both models. Concerning the hypothesis that the interaction parameters can be directly related to the polymer chain size, which might eventually lead to a predictive model, it was noticed that a direct dependency holds only for larger chain sizes.


equilíbrio líquido-líquido thermodynamics modelagem de dados sistemas aquosos bifásicos termodinâmica aqueous two-phase systems liquid-liquid equilibrium modeling

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