THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF BRAZILIAN CRUDE OIL AND ASPHALTENE SYSTEMS: AN EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENT AND A PC-SAFT APPLICATION
Braz. J. Chem. Eng.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
ABSTRACT Asphaltenes represent the heaviest fraction of crude oils, being recognized by their tendency to self-associate and precipitate. Asphaltene precipitation and subsequent deposition can cause problems in all stages of production. The objective of this paper is to model Brazilian crude oil and asphaltene systems using the PC-SAFT equation of state. Asphaltenes were extracted from crude oil through the addition of different n-alkanes. The PC-SAFT was capable of accurately predicting liquid density for toluene and asphaltenes and boiling point elevation for crude oil at different concentrations of toluene. Asphaltene precipitation from model oil allowed us to evaluate the influence of binary interaction parameters on modeling results. The influence of precipitant agent (n-hexane and n-heptane) on the asphaltene phase behavior was analyzed, showing that n-hexane was able to precipitate more asphaltenes than n-heptane, as expected. Furthermore, simulated results are in agreement with experimental observations: the average relative errors are 3.75 % and 10.25 % for the weight percentage of precipitated asphaltene using n-hexane and n-heptane as precipitant, respectively.
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