The scission of the self in portuguese lyric poetry: fifteenth century and twentieth centure / A cisão subjetiva na lírica portuguesa: século XVI e século XX
Antonio Henrique Montero Del Rio
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The divided self is literary theme. There is really a literature of the second self. It appears in all literatures around the world, and it is a part of the larger theme of the double, which also appears in all literature and in all literary genus. But the divided self, or the subjective scission of the self, is a peculiar topic of the lyric poetry, because of its subjective character, on the contrary of the double in others literary genus, as the drama or the narrative, which presents an objective character. This work means to make a study on the divided self in Portuguese lyric poetry, to demonstrate that this theme, which appears in sixteenth centurys Portuguese literature, also appears in twentieth centurys Portuguese literature. Our method of work included a research to set a corpus of poems of the both centuries, a confrontation between them, and the reading of philosophical and critical works concerning on this theme, to try to draw a conclusion. Our poetic corpus includes poems from Jorge Manrique, Francisco de Sá de Miranda, Bernardim Ribeiro, Luís Vaz de Camões (in the sixteenth century); and from Mário de Sá-Carneiro, Fernando Pessoa, Alexandre ONeill, Maria Teresa Horta (in the twentieth century). And our most important philosophical works were Giovanni Pico Della Mirandolas Oratio de hominis Dignitate, Erasmo de Roterdams Elogio da Loucura, Karl Marxs Manuscritos econômicofilosóficos, and Jean-Paul Sartres O ser e o nada. We concluded that the twentieth Portuguese lyric poetry retakes the theme of the subjective scission of the self in several poems written by many of the most important poets of the century, but as a modern conception of literature.
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