The induction of augmented granulocyte adherence by inflammation. Mediation by a plasma factor.


The adherence of granylocytes to surfaces, measured in vitro in nylon fiber columns, is inhibited by in vivo administration of anti-inflammatory agents. Therefore, the effect of inflammation itself was assessed in blood from patients with acute inflammatory diseases. Mean adherence in these patients was twice normal (56.4 +/- 5.6% vs. 29.4 +/- 5.2%); their plasma contained a factor that augmented adherence of normal cells to 47.5 +/- 5.6% whereas the patient's cells showed a normal level of adherence (34.0 +/- 6.8%) when resuspended in normal plasma. Although exudate fluid from exprimental inflammation also contained the augmenting factor, cells from the exudate maintained their high level of adherence after washing and suspension in normal plasma. The augmenting factor detected in plasma from patients with inflammation was not present in serum and was inactivated by heating plasma to 56 degrees C for 30 min; restoration of augmenting activity was accomplished by addition of 20% guinea pig serum to the heat-treated plasma. Because the guinea pig serum itself did not increase adherence when added to normal plasma, it appears that the augmenting factor is heat-stable, but requires a heat-labile cofactor like complement. Sephadex G-200 fractionation of inflammatory plasma showed adherence-augmenting activity in the majority of fractions, with peak activity in the fractions corresponding to approximate molecular wts of 30,000, 160,000 and 400,000.

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