The agrarian issue in Brazil and the rural caucus in the National Congress / A questão agrária no Brasil e a bancada ruralista no congresso nacional


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




This study aims at important aspects of the rural issues in Brazil for the last decades, such as the former and current Brazilian Congressional Rural Caucus members performance- congressmens and senators - inside a context of stability of the neoliberal economy, intense political disputes, and territorial conflicts. This article also presents the importance of the study on the mentioned social beings and the representative organization for landlords roles in the Brazilian Rural Geography, such as the Rural Democratic Union (UDR).The patrimonial power, kinship, and politics relationship constituting, which has resulted in the accumulation of property and income, especially in land income, will also be pointed out. Therefore, it was extremely necessary to take the Brazilian land private property formation historical development and the state oligarchies role, in which specific traditional political leadership was first elaborated, being it a part of the rural caucus basis, into consideration. Through biographical analysis and systematic study of the Income Tax Return declared by the parliamentarians to the National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA) by the year 2003, and the property and vehicles Income Tax Return declared to the Brazilian Federal Revenue (FRB) and delivered to the Electoral Justice, in the elections of 1998, 2002 or 2010, it was possible to verify the integration of these rural politicians in the land ownership dynamics through the logic of uneven and combined development in the capitalist production in agriculture, as well as the distinctions of each politician in territorialization processes of the monopolies and monopolization of the territories. The conclusion is that, although they are politicians, most of them act directly in the field. A Cartography of the rural land concentration was prepared in order to display that the parliamentarians have concentrated most part of their lands in the non productive large properties, but they have also accumulated the medium, small ones and minifundios. This complex dynamics involves the performance of agribusiness companies, kinship relationships and inter regional transactions among the politicians. It ends up resulting in conflicts with the peasantry class, the indigenous peoples, the maroon communities and ownership of lands, especially in the expansion areas of agribusiness.


territory agrarian policy and rural caucus land ownership agrarian issue in brazil propriedade da terra questão agrária no brasil política agrária e bancada ruralista território

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