Taxonomy of Ascidae sensu Lindquist and Evans (1965) (Acari: Mesostigmata), biology and ecology of selected Brazilian species / Taxonomia de Ascidae sensu Lindquist e Evans (1965) (Acari: Mesostigmata), biologia e ecologia de espécies brasileiras selecionadas


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




Mites of the family Ascidae sensu Lindquist and Evans (1965) are found in various habitats, especially in litter, stored products and flowers. They are best known for their predatory habits on mites, other small arthropods and nematodes, but many are also known to feed on fungi, pollen and nectar, and some have been reported in association with cockroaches and moths. Given the potential of this mite group in the control of pests in the soil, on plants or stored products, detailed studies on their taxonomy are warranted. These studies can help further development of biological and ecological studies to enable their use in control pest. The aim of the present study was to list the world species of Ascidae sensu Lindquist and Evans (1965), to develop a dichotomous key to assist in the separation of the genera of the family, identify species deposited in the mite reference collection of ESALQ and describe new species found in the study, redescribe a species of Lasioseius Berlese of possible importance in biological control of pests, and to evaluate the potential of this species in the control of the broad mite, Polyphagortarsonemus latus (Banks) (Tarsonemidae). A total of 901 valid species belonging to 40 genera were cited in the species list and a dichotomous key was developed for the separation of the genera of this family. Two new species, one of Blattisocius and another of Proctolaelaps, were described. The former was collected in association with Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) (Acaridae) on a commercial dog food, in Charqueada, while the latter was collected from flowers of Heliconia angusta Vellozo, in Registro, both in the State of Sao Paulo. Blattisocius keegani Fox and Lasioseius floridensis Berlese were redescribed based on specimens collected from Gerbera sp. (Asteraceae) in the State of Sao Paulo. A key to the separation of world species of Blattisocius was prepared. The biology of L. floridensis was studied for its potential importance as a biological control agent. The possible limitation of this predator under low humidity was determined in the study. The diversity of Ascidae sensu Lindquist and Evans (1965) species was studied in tropical flowers in various parts of Brazil. A total of 23 species belonging to Asca, Cheiroseius, Iphidozercon, Lasioseius, Proctolaelaps and Tropicoseius were identified, the largest numbers of specimens referring to Proctolaelaps n.sp and Tropicoseius venezuelensis Baker and Yunker. The population dynamics of mites of this family was studied in Piracicaba, determining that the prevalent species was T. venezuelensis, and that the highest population level of the mite species occurred at the end of one year and the beginning of the following year.


Ácaros predadores animal taxonomy biodiversidade biodiversity biological control controle biológico flores tropicais mites predaceous mites taxonomia animal tropical flowers

Documentos Relacionados