Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Pathogenesis-Related Proteins (Induction by Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid) and Characterization).

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RESUMO

Sunflower leaf discs floated on a solution containing aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) produced a set of new proteins extractable at pH 5.2 and excreted into the intercellular space. More than 80% of the proteins found in the intercellular fluids of induced leaf discs have been identified as pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins by their immunological relationship with tobacco PR proteins. Members of the four major classes of PR proteins have been characterized. Sunflower PR proteins of type 1 (PR1) and of type 3 (PR3) were found to have acidic isoelectric points, whereas the induced PR protein of type 2 (PR2) had a basic isoelectric point. Members of the type 5 PR proteins (PR5), known in tobacco as thaumatin-like proteins, showed a more complex pattern. Multiple sunflower PR5 isomers of similar molecular weight but of different isoelectric points were excreted from the cells in response to the aspirin treatment. PR2 and PR3 proteins were found at very low basal levels in untreated leaves, whereas PR1 and PR5 proteins could not be detected at all in the same extracts. Glucanase and chitinase activities were always associated with PR2 and PR3 proteins in partially purified sunflower extracts. All of these data indicate that, in response to aspirin treatment, sunflower plants produce a complete set of PR proteins characterized by an apparently exclusively extracellular localization.

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