Study of the urban tissue of the building and the habitat of the leprosy patients of Sao Jose do Rio Preto-SP / Estudo do tecido urbano, da edificação e do habitat do paciente de hanseníase de São José do Rio Preto-SP




The city of São José do Rio Preto, SP with the transformation intensity has identified modifications in the environment and the urban demographic occupation. Many have been the ways of interference in the habitability conditions and the public health. By means of constant migrations, super populations in the peripheries of the city had originated that, in disordered forms of habitability, either for excess of constructions in the interior of the same lot, or for invasions of public areas consisting slum quarters and accumulations in situation of much precariousness, forced for the low purchasing power. With elapsing of the time, the quarters are urban by the city, however, with great demographic densities. The objective of this work was to search the intervening factors of the proliferation of leprosy in relation to the environment constructed and inhabited for the families of the patients, identified by means of the data base of the Hansen/FAMERP/CNPq project and migrations of the sick people of last the ten years. Descriptive, ecological study where if it applied the technique of the analysis of space-time for the localization space-time of sick people and to identify the clusters. A clusters was considered the concentration of the 5 or sick ones of leprosy, having as case-index, what it presented the clinical form MB and older of the clusters, recognized for the date of the treatment. Of the residence of the case-index, a ray of of 300 m was adopted. The collection of data was carried through by means of domiciliary visit with the adoption of a check list to analyze conformity with the sanitary code of the State of São Paulo. One searched to inside identify the number of household contacts of leprosy for M POT.2of the same habitation, participation in communitarian or surrounding centers of work of long permanence, the migration, addresses of previous housings in the states, cities and quarters, where the patients had fixed residence. The research demonstrated that the populations more reached by the illness are those considered as C and D for the criteria of valuation of the land and property where they inhabited, in the city; that many families have the number of increased members, or if they unfold in others, in the same residence, or constructing another one of contiguous form, creating the familiar clusters inside of an only land; she was demonstrated for the employed test the trend of clusters of carriers of leprosy in the city; that the majority of the constructions disrespected the code of workmanships and bathroom; the absence of on professional to the civil construction, as well as the constructive endorsement to the aspects of security and health; that the illumination, ventilation, insolation, openings of window met outside of the demanded minimum dimensions in considered environments of long permanence, as well as its position in relation to the sun; that the case-indices were resident of the city; that the urban indices, of one form generality, had been affected invading free areas, with almost similar characteristics to the ones of the slum quarters; that the form to possess itself of the fabric urban can be one of the factors that have contributed for the transmission; that the continuity of the comment and accompaniment, of the clusters to facilitate diagnosis it precocious or to inhibit the occurrence of new cases.


leprosy patients tecido urbano aglomerado edificação geoprocessamento ambiente ocupado urban tissue building hanseníase geoprocessing

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