Studies on the leukocyte component and chemotactic mediators of the inflammatory reaction induced by Bothrops moojeni venom. Participation of mast cells and histamine in leukocyte recruitment. / Estudo do componente leucocitário e de mediadores quimiotáticos da reação inflamatória induzida pelo veneno de Bothrops moojeni. Participação de mastócitos e da histamina no recrutamento leucocitário
Marlos Cortez Sampaio
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
In this study the effects of Bothrops moojeni venom (BmV) on the cellular component of inflammatory responses and the mechanisms involved in this effect were investigated. The effects of venom on peritoneal and circulating leukocyte numbers and on the release of inflammatory mediators, such as LTB4, TXA2, PGD2, MIP-1 and KC, were assessed. The role of both mast cells and histamine receptors in leukocyte recruitment induced by BmV was assessed by selected pharmacological treatments. BmV caused a marked infiltration of leukocytes (3-24 h) when injected into the peritoneal cavity of mice. Neutrophils (PMN) were the predominant cell type in the early stages of response whereas macrophages (MN) were accumulated from 3 up to 24 h. Moreover, BmV increased blood neutrophil numbers at 3 h after injection. The BmV-induced leukocyte influx was abrogated by cromoglicate and significantly reduced either by difenidramine or ranitidine or tioperamide, histamine H1, H2 and H4 receptor antagonists, respectively, at 6 h after injection. Significant increments in peritoneal levels of LTB4, TXA2, PGD2, MIP-1 and KC were detected at distinct periods of time after venom injection. In addition, BmV induced mast cell degranulation both in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, obtained data demonstrated the ability of BmV induce leukocyte recruitment into the site of its injection. This effect is dependent on mast cell activation and degranulation, which may be due to a direct effect of venom on these cells, and is mediated at least in part by histamine via H1, H2 and H4 receptors. Moreover, the ability of venom to mobilize leukocytes from bone marrow reserve compartments and to release the chemotactic mediators TXA2, LTB4, MCP-1 and KC may be relevant for leukocyte infiltration.
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