Strategy for Treating a Landfill Leachate by Integration of Physico-Chemical and Photo-Fenton Processes


J. Braz. Chem. Soc.




This study reports a protocol for the treatment of a sanitary landfill leachate through integration between a stage of coagulation-flocculation, a step of filtration of the resulting suspension, and application of the photo-Fenton process using a ferrioxalate complex and solar irradiation. The best results for turbidity removal by coagulation-flocculation were reached using Al3+ as nitrate salt mainly using concentrations up close 4.4 mmol L-1, at the natural pH of the effluent (pH 7.9), when the removal of 66% of the turbidity was achieved. By using a ferrioxalate complex after adjusting the pH of the effluent to 5, it was possible to circumvent the classical limitations of the Fenton process (related to the pH of the medium limited to between 2.5 and 3.0), performing a removal of 68% of the remaining dissolved organic carbon. The global dissolved organic carbon removal in this process was of 86% after a membrane filtration step before the photo-Fenton process.

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