Stabilizing Selection for Pupa Weight in TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM


Ninety-five generations of stabilizing selection for pupa weight in Tribolium castaneum resulted in a significant decrease in phenotypic variance, moderate reductions in additive genetic variance, but only slight changes in heritability for the trait. Sterility was significantly lower and the average number of live progeny per fertile mating was significantly higher in populations where stabilizing selection was practiced as compared with random selected populations. The results indicate that more genetic variability is being maintained than would be expected unless a fraction of the genes have a heterozygote advantage on the fitness scale. The reduction in phenotypic variance indicated that the populations with stablizing selection became somewhat more buffered against environmental sources of variation over the course of the experiment.

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