Spectroscopic study of molecular dynamics and packing in organic semiconductors / Estudo espectroscópico da dinâmica molecular e empacotamento em semicondutores orgânicos


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




In this dissertation we present a study of the molecular dynamics and packing in organics semiconductor with different conjugated chains lengths using a of multi-techniques approach, in particular, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Raman spectroscopy, UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. The studies were carried-in fluorene oligomers with 3, 5 and 7 repeat units and multi-block conjugated/non-conjugated copolymers with the conjugated part formed by phenylene-vinylene units (PV) and the non-conjugated block formed by methylene units. Concerning the oligomers studies, it was shown that the ability of the chain to form ordered domains as well as the domain structure depend on the number of repeat units, with the pentamer having a higher tendency to crystallization. This conclusion was supported by theoretical ab-initio calculations, which showed that the pentamer conformation favors inter-chain interactions and therefore long-range ordering. The molecular dynamics studies support these characteristics and showed that the activation of molecular motions in oligomers amorphous phase are predominantly dependent on the oligomeric chain lengths, in agreement with the behavior observed for their glass transitions (Tg´s). In the study concerning the multi-block copolymers, it was found that presence of the aliphatic chains inhibit the strong tendency to crystallization of the PV units, but do not prevent their aggregation. It was found that the dispersion in aggregated units sizes strongly affects the copolymers emission, with the emission of larger chains being privileged. Regarding the molecular dynamics, we observed that the presence of motion on aliphatic region contributes to the appearance of non-radiative relaxation processes that inhibit the emission of the copolymers and produce broadening of the vibronic bands. Finally, we observed that isotropic motions of the PV chains are responsible for the copolymers glass transition and the energy required to activate these movements increase with length of the chain. In summary, our results indicate that even in systems with well controlled chains length, the strong intermolecular interactions present in conjugated polymers, can make the solid state morphology of these systems quite complex, which may affect many optical (and probably electric) properties are affected by the packaging structure, thermal and conformational disorder, in addition to the constitution of the chains composition.


dinâmica molecular fluorene oligomers optical properties semicondutores orgânicos nuclear magnetic resonance oligômeros de fluorenos organic semiconductor propriedades ópticas ressonância magnética nuclear molecular dynamics

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