SOLUÇÕES A BASE DE ÁLCOOL PARA HIGIENIZAÇÃO DAS MÃOS E SUPERFÍCIES NA PREVENÇÃO DA COVID-19: COMPÊNDIO INFORMATIVO SOB O PONTO DE VISTA DA QUÍMICA ENVOLVIDA
Sequinel, Rodrigo; Lenz, Guilherme Felipe; Silva, Francis Josiane Liana Baumgardt da; Silva, Fabiano Rosa da
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The recent coronavirus pandemic has already victimized hundreds of thousands of people around the world, and until this moment does not exist any medicine for healing or vaccine to avoid the contamination. Therefore, the actions of social isolation associated with the use of masks and surface and hand sanitation are the most effective actions to avoid the virus dissemination. The hands are one of the main vectors of contagious, and should be washed constantly and sanitized with some disinfectant agent. Among the recommendations, the formulations based on ethyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol are the most used, being the efficiency of these formulations based on the alcohol type, the concentration, the applied volume, and the contact time. The gel disinfectants are preferred by the population due to the facile and safer manipulation. However, due to the pandemic, the main gelling agent has become sparse and, in the function of this, some countries authorized the utilization of alternative formulations. The World Health Organization recommends two formulations, being one based on ethyl alcohol (80 Vol%) and the second on isopropyl alcohol (75 Vol%), destined for the local manufacture and with a fast and effective action.