Skate, uma prática no lazer da juventude : um estudo etnográfico


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




In the present research I primarily deal with the diverse theoretical approaches that minimally contribute to delineate the thematic on youngsters and youth in leisure. Facing these countless theoretical possibilities, I try not to advocate for a theory, but to understand the way they help me outline this debate, since I cannot find a consensus among the numerous studies. I focus my theoretical task on the youngsters and the way they live their everyday, I bring elements that discuss leisure, family, education and work. In order to answer the questions I make, I resort to ethnographic research. I have performed this research with a group of youngsters practitioners of skateboarding (the ¿tight pants¿), in the public skateboarding track of the IAPI district in the city of Porto Alegre- RS/Brazil. A total of nine months of direct observations were made, in which I reported every observation in the Field Diaries, totalizing 70 journals in the end of the period. In order to cover the gaps left by direct observation, I have also appealed to semi-structured interviews. With this produced material, I have described the context in three subsequent chapters. The track: the place where the research was performed, in which I could follow the ¿tight pants¿ and the disputes that took place in the track. I firstly describe the material aspects of the track, and then the symbolic aspects, therefore configurating the track. Also in the track I describe its game and the movement on the track, and the implications of these symbolic aspects from the perspective of the ¿tight pants¿ group. This group, which I describe in the following chapter: ¿The ¿tight pants¿ are a group with predominance of Young people, but I still consider its heterogeneity. I try to describe the distinction existent between the ¿tight pants¿ and the ¿loose pants¿, some of which were already described on Bastos (2006) when He followed the professionalization path of some skateboarders, and the way these people started making a living from skateboard. The distinction between these groups was made, in a first look, bay their clothing, but I understood them as much more complex, beyond their pants. Despite the distinction and dispute with the other. The ¿tight pants¿, even if they practiced their skateboarding in leisure time, also projected their expectations in skating on the ¿loose pants¿, that is, they also projected making a living from skateboarding. With this, the Young ¿tight pants¿ sought to continue skateboarding, and one of the ways they managed to do that was through what they called ¿support¿, which was given, in a great deal, through the relations that the group has built in the track. But many times the ¿support¿ was not enough for the youngsters to keep their projects, nor the aspirations of their families. With this, I get to the final descriptive chapters: The ¿tight pants¿: the relations of the meanings of skateboarding with family, education and work. In the final moment I try to understand the way the leisure of these youngsters, which took place through the practice of skateboarding, relates to other aspects of their everyday. They needed to reconcile the demands of their families over them. These demands were also found in the work environment, as well as labels and stereotypes. This labeling were imposed from others, what also took place in the school. But, in the end, I perceive that the youngsters GO through all of this with the purpose of maintaining their skateboarding projects.


etnografia young skateboarders skate urban ethnography dispute/distinction sociologia do esporte projects relation network/social capital

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