Simbologia do caos em O diabo mesquinho de Fiódor Sologub / Symbol of chaos in the petty demon by Fiódor Sologub
IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The research aims at analysing The Petty Demon (1892-1902), a key novel by Fiódor Sologub (1863-1927) who is one of the best known writers of the Russian symbolism. The importance of this novel is well established for Russian and world literature, and this research thesis was the first academic study on the author in Brazil. The analysis followed two main directions, which appear in intersection: first, the evident parodist structure of the text and second, the presence of universal mythic archetypes juxtaposed by elements of the Russian folklore, which inhabit the narration. Regarding the use of parody, drawing on Iuri Tyniánov and Mikhail Bakhtin, the analysis establish dialogues between The Petty Demon and texts by Aleksándr Púchkin, Nikolai Gógol and Fiódor Dostoiévski. These parodist dialogues are seen here as essential for the understanding of the structure of the text, as well as the narrator who organises these discourses subverting the realistic aesthetics. In relation to the incorporation of literary archetypes in the novel, highlighting the parodist dimension and the neomythologic structure, as conceptualised by Zara Mints, an analysis was developed on the history of the anti-hero Ardalión Peredonov, a diabolic trickster, as a cultural mythic hero. This in-depth analysis drawing on Eliazar Meletínski, unravelled the articulation between well established mythic dualities (chaos versus cosmos); the construction of the hero and anti-hero; and the folkloric characteristics and popular demonism. The relation between these components guides the story to the mythic chaos alongside the gradual madness of Peredonov. The brief contextualisation put forward in this research thesis of the Russian symbolism - a movement that based on its own culture and history launched new paths for Russian arts and philosophy - was fundamental to the analysis of The Petty Demon, as the novel established great masters in literature, highlighted its symbolist context and broke paradigms.