Silicon nutrition counteracts salt-induced damage associated with changes in biochemical responses in apple
Aras, Servet; Keles, Hakan; Eşitken, Ahmet
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
ABSTRACT Salt stress is an environmental challenge that adversely influences plant responses. Silicon (Si) nutrition plays critical roles in plant tolerance to salt stress. Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.), a salt sensitive fruit species, was used in the present experiment to investigate the influences of Si on salt stress as well as on alterations of biochemical responses. Apple cv Fuji grafted on M9 clonal rootstock was exposed to salt stress for 4 months with 35 mmol·L-1 NaCl. CaSiO3 doses (0.5, 1 and 2 mmol·L-1) were applied to the roots of the salt-stressed apple plants except control. Si application resulted in mitigation of salt stress in apple plants. The highest chlorophyll a, b and a + b were obtained from the 1 mmol·L-1 Si treatment (5.37, 2.41 and 7.78 μg·g-1 fw, respectively). Moreover, Si treatment had higher chlorophyll content compared to the control as well as salt exposed plants. Silicon applications led to a reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA) content even lower than control. The 0.5 mmol·L-1 Si treatment had the highest values of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and phenolic content. The results show that Si nutrition plays important roles in apple salt tolerance via biochemical mechanisms and that it can be used in areas subject to salt stress for apple growing.