Severity and prevalence of behavioral and psychological symptoms among patients of different dementia stages in Taiwan
Huang, Si-Sheng, Wang, Wen-Fu, Liao, Yi-Cheng
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (São Paulo)
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
Abstract Background To better understand the trends of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) over the disease progression is important to provide psychoeducation for dementia caregivers. Objective This study examined the severity and occurrence of BPSD across the various degrees of the disease. Methods This study was a cross-sectional design. Patients (N = 276) who had dementia from July 2001 to October 2008 were surveyed and assessed for dementia stage, using the clinical dementia rating scale (CDR). BPSD was evaluated using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). We examined the differences between the severities and occurrence of the individual’s BPSD among various CDR stages with the Kruskal-Wallis test and Chi-square test. Results Delusion (p = 0.01), agitation/aggression (p = 0.033), apathy/indifference (p = 0.009), aberrant motor behavior (p < 0.001), nighttime behavior disturbances (p < 0.001), and eating abnormalities (p = 0.001) were significantly different among stages of dementia. The severity of BPSD became exacerbated over the course of the disease, and was highest in moderate (CDR = 2) or severe (CDR = 3) dementia. The occurrence of BPSD was highest when the CDR equaled 2 (97.5%). Discussion The association of global (or certain) BPSD, across different stages of dementia, is a non-linear relationship. These findings suggest the importance of taking into account clinical dementia stage for managing BPSD.
- "Sintomas psicológicos e comportamentais em pacientes com demência de amostra representativa da comunidade de São Paulo: prevalência, relação com gravidade da demênciae com estresse do cuidador"
- Prevalence of dementia among widowed and non-widowed patients and associated clinical and sociodemographic characteristics
- Atypical antipsychotic drugs in the treatment of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia: systematic review
- Urinary symptoms: prevalence and severity in British men aged 55 and over.
- Socio-behavioral factors influence prevalence and severity of dental caries in children with primary dentition