Resistance of Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes, 1939) (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) to the acaricide hexythiazox in citrus. / Resistência de Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes, 1939) (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) ao acaricida hexitiazox em citros.




The objective of this study was to collect baseline information for implementing an acaricide resistance management program of Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes, 1939) to hexythiazox in citrus. The egg susceptibility of B. phoenicis to hexythiazox was measured by a direct contact bioassay. It was observed a significant effect of the egg developmental stage on susceptibility; that is, 1 to 3-day old eggs were less tolerant to hexythiazox than 4 to 9-day old eggs. The estimated LC50 for the S strain was 0.89 mg of hexythiazox/L of water (95% CI 0.75-1.03). To isolate hexythiazox-resistant B. phoenicis, a laboratory selection was conducted with a field population collected in a citrus grove located in Barretos-SP, where the intensity of hexythiazox use was high and field failures in the control of B. phoenicis were reported with the use of this acaricide. The intensity of resistance was greater than 10,000- fold. Discriminating concentrations between 10 and 320 mg of hexythiazox/L of water were defined for monitoring the resistance of B. phoenicis to hexythiazox. Results from a survey of susceptibility of B. phoenicis populations collected from citrus groves located in the State of São Paulo and Minas Gerais revealed a great variability in the frequency of resistance. No correlation was observed between the intensity of hexythiazox use and the frequency of resistance. Studies on dynamics of resistance showed that the resistance of B. phoenicis to hexythiazox is stable under laboratory conditions; that is the frequency of resistance did not decline significantly in the absence of selection pressure. Therefore, results obtained herein indicate the urgent need to implement resistance management strategies of B. phoenicis to hexythiazox in order to prolong the lifetime of this acaricide.


leprosis acaro citricultura integrated management resistência ao acaricida citriculture mite acaricide resistence leprose manejo integrado

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