Quotas and autonomy: paradoxes of the implementation of the law of quotas for positions in the legislative of São Paulo State in the PT, PSDB and PFL parties / Cotas e autonomia: paradoxos da implementação da lei de cotas para cargos no legislativo paulista nos partidos PT, PSDB e PFL




The discussion about the low female partaking in the public sphere, especially in the legislative - a privileged locus for discussing and legislating about the destinies of a nation - has lately frequently arisen. This worry is due to the fact that the woman is considered, according to the law, equal to man in the political sphere. In practice, this equity does not take place. She continues, in spite of the legal equality, badly represented in the Executive as well as in the Legislative. This verification made the legislators create a rule that obliges the parties to present at least 30 % of women candidates in their rolls. The objectives of this thesis are: to go through the political process aiming at the inclusion of women, by obliging the establishment of quotas for women candidates to positions in the Legislative in São Paulo; to discuss the paradoxes (setting up of a system of quotas and the effective participation of women in the decision-making process) faced by the political parties PT, PSDB and PFL and to try to see if it is possible to state that the quotas applied to the election for positions in the legislative, in São Paulo, can be considered an autonomous movement. The focus was on the actors performing parliamentary mandate in the Assembly of São Paulo - parliamentarians elected in the elections of 2002 - and party representatives occupying some type of position in the direction of the PT, PSDB and PFL parties. The results indicate a paradoxical movement: internally, some parties have broadened the discussion and created agencies to foster the number of women candidates, but the majority has not been elected. Another paradox verified is that, in spite of the fact that some parliamentary women present projects concerned with the social change, many of them still continue to make part of the current social and sectarian politics. The small resistance movements, the imperceptible conquests and changes can be considered an autonomous movement because they have an important revolutionary element: they start to change the social relations in the micropolitics in order to, later, reach the social exclusion pattern in the macropolitics


partido político assembléia legislativa mulheres na politica -- sao paulo (estado) political party ciencias sociais aplicadas autonomous movement assembly cota movimento autônomo gender relationship quota relações de gênero partidos politicos -- sao paulo (estado)

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