Purification of Pyruvate Kinase from Germinating Castor Bean Endosperm 1


Cytosolic pyruvate kinase from endosperm of germinating castor beans (Ricinus communis L.; cv Hale) has been purified 3100-fold to apparent homogeneity and a final specific activity of 203 micromole pyruvate produced/minute per milligram protein. Purification steps included: heat treatment, polyethylene glycol fractionation, Q-Sepharose, ADP-agarose, Mono-Q and Phenyl Superose chromatography. Nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the final sample resulted in a single protein staining band which co-migrated with pyruvate kinase activity. Two protein staining bands of 57 and 56 kilodaltons were observed following SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the final preparation. The native molecular mass was found to be about 240 kilodaltons. This enzyme appears to be a tetramer composed of two different subunits. The presence of dithioerythritol (2 millimolar) was required for optimal activity of the purified enzyme.

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