Proposta de intervenção fisioterapêutica precoce em pacientes submetidos a artroplastia total de quadril.
DATA DE PUBLICAÇÃO
The loss of hip mobility, spontaneous or surgical, is an important and frequent functional impairment. In the evolvement of operative techniques of the muscoskeletal system, the cemented total hip replacement is pointed out since it improves the patients quality of life. Physiotherapy is an important resource in the patients care after Total Hip Replacement (THR) to aid their functional return. Objective: to analyze the physiotherapy intervention in the improvement of pain, gait, mobility and quality of life in the postoperative period of patients who have undergone THR, moreover, comparing the physiotherapic ambulatory rehabilitation with orientations and self-care guide.Casuistics and Method: This is a randomized clinical trial and double blinded study, in which patients with osteoarthritis submitted to THR in the period of May to October 2005 were evaluated. They were objectively evaluated either for pain, gait or mobility, according to DAubigné and Postels criteria in the preoperative, with 1 month and 3 months of postoperative, respectively. Life quality was evaluated by means of the questionnaire SF-36. The patients were randomly divide into two groups: the study group and the control group. The patients of the study group were submitted to a protocol of physiotherapic treatment during twelve weeks, with two-week sessions. The control group did not receive the guide of instructions related to postoperative cares. Moods median test was used to evaluate the results for the non-parametric values to compare the results between the groups. Wilcoxons test was used to compare the evolution of the groups. A level of significance of p=0.05, with a confidence interval (CI) of 95% was used. Results: Twenty patients, 10 from the study group and 10, the control group, finished the study. In the first evaluation, there was a significance just regarding the general state of health. This showed a smaller median in the study group (p=0.025), In the second, at the 30th PO period, there was statistical significance in relation to the study group regarding both the gait (p=0.007) and the mobility (p=0.001). In the third, there was a statistical significance after three months of postoperative, and at the end of the physiotherapeutic intervention in the study group: in the functional capacity (p<0.0005), in the physical aspects (p=0,002), in the pain (p=0,019), in the vitality (p=0,025), in the emotional aspects (p<0.0005), in the gait (p=0.001) and in the mobility (p=0.010). Regarding the evolution, after three months of postoperative period, a greater median was observed in the study group according to the physical capacity (p=0.006), physical aspects (p=0,002), general state of health (p<0,0005), vitality (p=0,025) and emotional aspects (p=0,001). Conclusion: Early physiotherapy procedures can improve the rehabilitation process of patients submitted to THR.
ortopedia physiotherapy hip prosthesis rehabilitación reabilitação domiciliar physical therapy modalities total hip replacement modalidade de fisioterapia rehabilitation prótese total de quadril reabilitação protesis de cadera modalidades de terapia física rehabilitation home-based rehabilitation fisioterapia
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