Postural standard and pain in the lumbar region in elderly with high level of physical activity / Padrão postural e dor na região lombar em idosos com alto nível de atividade física




This study aimed to assess the complaints of musculoskeletal pain in relation to lumbar posture in the sagital plane in the elderly with a high level of general physical activity (LGPA). The sample was composed by 67 seniors, being 50 women and 17 men with an average age of 69 years (SD = 6), that belong to the Group of Studies of the Third Age (GSTA) from Santa Catarina State University (UDESC). Instruments used to collect data were "Evaluation of the complaints of pain in the lumbar spine in the elderly" Questionnaire, International Questionnaire of Physical Activity (IQPA) and Swivel Platform for Postural Evaluation (RPPE). The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, parametric and non-parametric tests, adopting a level of significance of p≤0.05. Main results: identification of a significant variation of spent time to the execution of physical activities between elderly; the domain of domestic activities was that more collaborated to LGPA; spent time in sitting down posture was bigger than in the vigorous and moderate activities. The advanced age was accompanied of a significant decrease in execution of domestic activities and in LGPA. With relation to pain, it was mentioned by most elderly and being lumbar segment that was more referenced. Young elderly were more affected by lumbar pain than elderly more old. The frequency of current pain was significantly higher in the elderly that already had it before 60 years of age. There was not significant relationship between high levels of general physical activity and pain in the lumbar spine column, but the domain of domestic activity presented positive correlation with the pain in the segment of the lumbar spine column. The index of lumbar curvature% in this sample was 23.22 (SD = 5.81); this index had different performances according to LGPA, being that this difference is express between intermediate levels of LGPA in relation to higher and lower levels (extremes). In the elder women the lumbar index % was higher than the men. The lumbar curve had similar behavior in elderly groups with and without lumbar pain, as well in young-elderly and old-elderly groups. Concluded that higher or lower lumbar spine column indexes did not influence in presence of lumbar pain, but these indexes seemed suffer influence of different NAFG. In despite of there is a high prevalence of pain in the spine column of the elderly of this study, it did not manifest itself incapacitating, so this can be related to the fact of these elderly maintain a high NAFG and make physical exercise regularly.


lumbar posture physical activity physical exercises educacao fisica elderly atividade física postura lombar idoso pain exercícios físicos dor

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