Pos-tratamento de esgoto por fotocatalise heterogenea solar antes e apos filtração lenta / Post-treatment of sewage by solar heterogeneous photocatalysis before and after slow filtration




Currently, techniques for reuse of water using renewable energy sources and building materials at low cost are used in small scale to serve needy populations in sanitation in order to minimize transmission of diseases and water contamination from chemical compounds harmful to human health. The advanced oxidative process (AOP) is a technology developed to minimize and even convert chemical pollutants such as organic matter into CO2 and water. The heterogeneous photocatalysis is a type of AOP that employs the use of UV radiation (solar or artificial source) on the surface of a semiconductor in the treatment of many compounds, allowing also the microbiological disinfection. However, even the artificial UV radiation in face to better results in photocatalysis, is an expensive technology that requires the use of electricity. An alternative that may be feasible from a technical, economic and ecological is the use of PET-bottles to produce a photocatalytic reactor using a solar UV radiation as an energy source. This study aimed to verify the efficiency of a reactor for photocatalysis using solar UV PET-bottle in the treatment of final effluent from wastewater treatment College of Agricultural Engineering - FEAGRI (UNICAMP). Moreover, a reactor using UV radiation from artificial source was developed and included in experiment to compare the treatment using UV solar as natural soruce against to UV photocatalysis source. The results showed that both reactors are efficient in the post-treatment of sewage, reaching in average efficiency of 99.99% removal of Escherichia coli and 42% reduction in organic matter content is represented by the COD. For other water quality parameters observed, the treatment that received more emphasis in solar photocatalysis was reaching 93% of color removal. The heterogeneous photocatalysis in solar PET bottle proved to be a promising alternative for the wastewater treatment, mainly by having the advantage of using UV radiation as a source of solar energy and reusable materials like as PET bottle


heterogeneous photocatalysis desinfection energia solar desinfecção tratamento de agua fotocatalise heterogenea water treatment solar energy

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