Pós-tratamento de efluente têxtil usando coagulação/floculação combinado com processos de separação por membranas


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




The textile industry uses large volumes of water in their processes, especially in the dyeing step, which are also used large quantities of coloring agents and textile auxiliaries. The presence of these products in the effluent generates a harmful effect and clearly visible to the environment because they cause changes in the parameters of the receiving body of water. This paper presents the post-treatment effluent from a textile industry, in order to recycle it as process water for dyeing. A combination of physico-chemical process were carried out applying coagulation / floculation (CF) and Ultrafiltration (UF) membrane separation process (MSP) and reverse osmosis (RO). The parameters analyzed before and after treatments were: turbidity, electrical conductivity, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic carbon (TOC) and color. In CF stage two types of coagulants were tested, aluminum sulphate and ferric chloride at concentrations of 30, 50, 70 e 100 mg.L-1. Three concentrations of commercial floculants were evaluated: 0,2, 0,3 e 0,4 mg.L-1. The experiments were conducted at pH 7. MSP steps were conducted in plan Ultrafiltration module, and in the Reverse Osmosis membrane, plan and spiral modules were tested. The best performance was obtained with a dosage of 50 mg.L-1 of the coagulant ferric chloride and 0.3 mg.L-1 commercial flocculant, which showed a 98% reduction in turbidity in respect to the raw effluent. MSP Ultrafiltration color removal was not satisfactory because color was still present. In MSP Reverse Osmosis using the plan module the goal of color removal was successfully achieved in the visual analysis, however, the membrane flow was extremely low compared with the UF permeate flow and prevented the process. The color in MSP Reverse Osmosis spiral module has been successfully removed, the turbidity was below 1 NTU, the COD was below the detection limit of the the equipment and the permeate flow was satisfactory. In this way, the study showed the best application for this effluent is CF combined with RO.


textile effluent separação por membranas tratamento de efluentes water recycle indústria têxtil coagulation osmose reversa flocculation ultrafiltração membrane separation process ultrafiltration reverse osmosis

Documentos Relacionados