Perfil lipÃdico de escolares do municÃcio de Camaragibe




Introduction: Dyslipidemias are increasingly prevalent in the child population, associated with triggering factors like: inadequate food consumption, genetic and biological factors, which can lead to cardiovascular complications in adulthood. Objective: To assess the lipid profile and some associated risk factors in schools located in Camargibe/PE, Brazil-2004. Method: Crosssectional study of 1206 randomly selected male and female children between 7 and 14 years old. The lipid profile was evaluated through biochemical blood level dosage of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and fractions (LDL-c, HDL-c). Food consumption was evaluated through a qualitative daily frequency questionnaire. Physical exercise was evaluated by applying a weekly frequency questionnaire of daily, programmed and sedentary activities. Results: A heterogeneous distribution (p=0.000) was found in the demographic characteristics of the population, with 54.5% (CI95% 51.6-57.3) in girls and 73.3% in the age group from 7 to 10. As for the lipid profile: 40% (CI95% 37.1-42.90) with total cholesterol (TC) (>170mg/dL), 13.7 (CI95%11.7-16.0) LDL-c (>130mg/dL), 32.9% (CI95%30.0-35.8) HDL-c(<45mg/dL), 16.3% (CI95%14.1-18.5) triglyceride level (TG) (>130mg/dL), with statistical significance (p=0.000). There was no statistically significant relation between food consumption, biological and anthropometric variables and lipid fractions. Excess weight prevailed in 15.3% of the subjects. Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of dyslipidemia, sedentary profile and excess weight, besides important food consumption mistakes


consumo alimentar demographic factors food consumption antropometria nutricao perfil lipÃdico fatores demogrÃfico lipid profile atividade fÃsica physical activity anthropometrics

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