Percepção popular e educação ambiental para a gestão integrada de resíduos sólidos / Popular perception and environmental education for the integrated management of solid waste


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




Each individual recognizes, reacts and responds differently, depending on the environment. These responses or events are therefore a result of perceptions, cognitive processes, judgments and expectations of each individual. The study of environmental perception is critical to help us better understand the interrelationships between human being and the environment in which we live, our expectations, satisfactions and dissatisfactions, values and behaviors. The result is that there is a better understanding of this relationship and allow human to developed efficient ways to retrieve the methodological gaps and problems arising out of the man versus environment relationship. Aiming to elucidate more about this relationship, we sought to verify the environmental perception of the population of Desterro do Melo, about the importance and impact of municipal solid waste. For this purpose, we conducted field work in the city where residents were asked to answer a structured questionnaire on the subject, the population was divided into municipal, housewives or responsible for home and students, the response obtained from the first group (municipal) was used to build a municipal selective collection program, the response of the second group (students), was used build an alternative methodological program content offered by formal education. The questionnaire was answered by 313 homes and showed important conceptual flaws related to solid disposal management, demonstrating the need for leveling concepts about this subject. At school the questionnaires were submitted to students from 5th to 9th year in elementary school and 1st to 3rd year in high schools, totalizing 356 questionnaires, of this total, 268 corresponded to elementary school students and 88 to high school students. The pattern of responses in all levels of elementary school were similar, allowing to group responses indicating that the relationship between years of study and environmental knowledge is not linear, often high school students had higher lags of the environmental knowledge compared to elementary students, highlighting the gaps in environmental education in formal education which enabled the construction of methodological alternatives that seek the inclusion of environmental content in education


coleta seletiva meio-ambiente resíduos urbanos residuos solidos, domesticos e industriais environment selective collection municipal waste

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