Paquimé. Influencia del Pensamiento Matemático y Astronómico Mesoamericano






This paper refers to the study of the social practice of the construction of Mesoamerican ceremonial centers, in order to relate it to the actual construction of Cross Moundat, in the Paquimé region, northwest of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. The mound was an astronomical observatory consisting of a 15 meter long and 13.70 wide base originally oriented to true north. Its construction followed an astronomical nature standard that relates primarily to the seasonal solstices, that were related to the stroke of two axes allowing the transit of the Sun on different receptacles, activity developed widely by Mesoamerican cultures. It was possible to corroborate, using an elementary geometric model supported by the Fibonacci golden rule, that the mound was designed, drawn, and built with the same proportion as the Mesoamerican temples and calendars were. The social practice that yielded significant results seen in the related sciences, especially in numerical and astronomical systems, was developed by the ancient Maya for that same purpose.

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