Os novos instrumentos da política urbana: alcance e limitações das ZEIS / The New Instruments of Urban Policy: Scope and Limitations of ZEIS




The central question of this thesis is to verify the role of the Special Zones of Social Interest (ZEIS) in the expanding the popular housing supply, and the land regularization of illegal áreas occupation, in the City of São Paulo, evaluating its relevance as Urban Politics instrument, in |Plano Diretor context. The research metod consisted in the ZEIS instrument analisys from its origin and idealization in the whole public management of Brazil and, more specifically, its implantion in the city of Sao Paulo. In this purpose, we examined combined undertaking of private enterprises, generating five case studies. At the same time, are considered other juridical instruments used in land regularization, beginning from Sao Paulo city Estatuto da Cidade promulgation in 2001, and MP 2.220/01. the reference is the Sao Paulo City 2002 Strategic Planning Director, that introduces the concept of Special Zones and, among them the Interest Social Special Zones (ZIS), whose aim is to attend to City Statute, recognizing by this way the urban spaces with illegal origin in the City (slum, irregular division of land into parcels or clandestine) and subutilizated urban areas. The research is based on dates relatives to Implantation and application referred to instrument, verifying the perspective of juridical regularization of informal occupations. For residents on the local and specialy for communities that live in fountainhead areas, the demarcation of the occupied local as ZEIS has become a way to warranty the right of living and municipal actions. Regarding the provision of new units of housing of social interest (HIS) concludes that the actions and measures to stimulate in ZEIS are still insufficient to increase the housing supply to adjust to low-income social strata. The results measured the production of HIS by public and private sectors, indicate that 45,702 homes were licensed. Of this amount, 13.444 u.h. (29%) is in ZEIS and 32.258 u.h. (71%) in separate zoning it. The work points to the likely factors that contribute and justify the low attractiveness of ZEIS.


urban politics. ilegal occupation settlements gestão pública public management política urbana zeis ocupação ilegal moradia popular zeis house people assentamento

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