Open Science and the Role of Cardiology Journals in the COVID-19 Pandemic


Int. J. Cardiovasc. Sci.




In the current search for renewable energy sources, residual biomass has gained ground in the concept of biorefinery. Furanic compounds such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furfural (FF) and derivatives such as levulinic acid (LA), obtained from biomass, have emerged as important industrial chemical platforms. In this sense, this work aimed to use pequi bark, typical biomass and abundant in the Brazilian cerrado, in the production of HMF, FF and LA using the ionic liquid 1-n-butyl-3-methyl-imidazole bromide ([BMIM][Br]). The analysis of chemical composition of pequi bark showed that it has potential for use in the production of bioproducts, FF, HMF and LA, with yields of 65, 3 and 23.7%, respectively. High glucose conversion rates were found (> 90%). The analysis of variance (ANOVA) was applied to obtain the mathematical model with α = 0.05, verifying the significance of the second order model established for HMF (F = 0.00167) and FF (0.004494). The model fit is satisfactory, obtaining the coefficient of determination (R2) for the HMF and for the FF of 0.9599 and 0.08422, respectively. From the results obtained, it can be concluded that pequi bark has good precursor capacity for use in biorefinery processes.

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