On the possibility of obtaining high-quality lyophilized collagen hydrolysate and its applicability in the sausage production


Food Sci. Technol




Abstract The paper discusses the issues of rational use of secondary collagen-containing raw material in the food industry, namely cattle by-products. The technology of obtaining collagen hydrolysate from this type of raw material with the subsequent freeze-drying is proposed, which maximizes the level of preservation of native properties and the expands the scope of its application. The paper presents the stages of obtaining lyophilized collagen hydrolysate by biomodification of frozen cattle lips and ears. The preparation of lyophilized collagen hydrolysate was carried out as follows: the lips and ears were preliminary washed in running tap water for 20 minutes in order to remove mucus and impurities, muscle and adipose tissue was also removed; after draining (15-20 minutes), the raw material was ground on a top with a grid diameter of 2-3 mm. At the next stage, the crushed lips and ears were treated with a solution of Protepsin enzyme preparation in the ratio of the raw material to solution 1:2 and kept for 0.5-1.5 hours at a concentration of the enzyme preparation of 0.06% by weight of the raw material, while stirring periodically (at 17-22 °C). The filtrate from the product was separated on a sieve. Processed as described above, the raw material was subjected to freeze-drying. Evaluation of the temperature and duration of freeze-drying of collagen hydrolysate was carried out at a drying layer thickness of 5.0 mm and different drying temperatures: 20 °C, 30 °C, 40 °C, and 50 °C.

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